What is the difference between a belt filter press and filter press?
Belt filter press
Slurry is dewatered between two moving synthetic cloths or belts. Water initially is released by gravity then by squeezing the slurry/belts between rollers. The filtrate water is collected below the press unit in a pit. The dewatered cake material is scraped off the belts as they separate at the discharge end of the press. A dewatering polymer chemical is required to flocculate the slurry particles prior to the slurry entering the press. The chemical also aids in allowing the water to release from the solid material.
A filter press is composed of a frame holding a series of chamber plates lined with filter cloths.The plates are held tightly together, creating a seal around their perimeters using hydraulic pressure. A high-pressure slurry pump forces slurry into the chamber spaces between the plates for dewatering. The slurry solids are captured between the plates, while the clean filtrate water passes through the filter cloth mesh and exits through ports in the filter plates. When the chamber spaces are full of dewatered slurry solids, the slurry feed pump is automatically stopped.The hydraulic pressure holding the plates together is released so the plates can be separated individually, allowing the cake to fall by gravity out of the press. Typically, no chemicals are required to aid dewatering on a plate filter press.